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 Mayan Ruins >>>

Campeche state is home to many beautiful Mayan ruins, most located within miles of each other. These ruins are constructed in the unique "Rio Bec" style architecture which combines the styles of the both the Chenes and Peten cultures.  

The Rio Bec style architecture is characterized by the use of well-cut stone blocks covered with stucco and rounded corners. The interior benches are wide and false temples and high towers are imbedded in the principal buildings. You will see many estelas and friezes and the most common decorative motifs are cross-shaped elements, symbols for wind and the masks of Itzimna, also called the Earth Monster.


Edzna Ruins

was founded around 400 BC and covers an area approximately 3 by 3 kms.  Edzna is located close to Campeche City and is not included in the Rio Bec Tour.  Some technological advancements used at Edzna are as advanced system of hydraulic works and drainage systems.  The city is located in the northern part of the state, 60 kms south-east of Campeche City

Balamku Ruins
A small set of ruins with an impressive room of friezes or stucco sculptures.  One of the sculptures of a jaguar gave the site its name which means "Jaguar's Temple" in the Mayan language.  There are only a few monuments here, but the largest contains a large set of sculptures inside the ruins which is impressive to see.  Photography is allowed inside the monument, however flashes are not.

Chicanna is not a large Mayan site, but is well worth the visit. It's close to the road and very flat, so it's easy to see in about 1.5 hours.In Chicanna, the builders took advantage of the slightly high elevation to construct several groups of rooms and enclosures for carrying out ritual ceremonies.  Evidence of occupation dates back to the period known as the Late Preclassic (300 BC to 200 AD) while the last stages of activity date to the Early Post classic (1100 AD).  The ancient name is not known and was named Chicanna  when discovered in 1966.  The name refers to structure II which alludes to the House of the Serpent mouth.  Chi, mouth, can, serpent and na, house.

 

Due to its location, dimensions and rich decoration of the buildings, it has been considered a small elitist center of Becan which possibly served as a residential zone for the rulers of Becan. 

Chicanna Ruins

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Campeche